How big is hawaii?

HotbotBy HotBotUpdated: June 28, 2024

Overview of Hawaii's Geography

Hawaii, the 50th state of the United States, is an archipelago located in the central Pacific Ocean. It is composed of 137 islands, but only eight are considered the main islands: Hawaii (the Big Island), Maui, Oahu, Kauai, Molokai, Lanai, Niihau, and Kahoolawe. Each island offers unique geographical features, from volcanic mountains to lush valleys and exquisite beaches.

Total Area of Hawaii

The total area of the state of Hawaii is approximately 10,931 square miles (28,311 square kilometers). This includes both land and water areas. To put this in perspective, Hawaii is the 43rd largest state in the United States, making it relatively small compared to other states like Alaska and Texas.

The Big Island

Size and Significance

The Big Island, officially known as Hawaii, is the largest island in the Hawaiian archipelago. It covers an area of 4,028 square miles (10,430 square kilometers), making it more than twice the size of all the other Hawaiian Islands combined. Despite its size, it is home to only about 13% of the state's population.

Geographical Features

The Big Island boasts some of the most diverse landscapes in the world, including active volcanoes, black sand beaches, and towering waterfalls. Mauna Kea, a dormant volcano on the Big Island, is the tallest mountain in the world when measured from its base on the ocean floor. The island also features Hawaii Volcanoes National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage site.


Size and Population

Oahu, the third-largest island, covers an area of 597 square miles (1,545 square kilometers). Despite its smaller size, it is the most populous island, housing approximately 70% of the state's residents. The capital city, Honolulu, is located on Oahu, making it the political and economic hub of Hawaii.

Key Attractions

Oahu is home to some of Hawaii's most famous attractions, including Waikiki Beach, Pearl Harbor, and Diamond Head. The island offers a blend of urban and natural environments, providing visitors with diverse experiences ranging from bustling city life to serene hiking trails.


Size and Natural Beauty

Maui, the second-largest island, spans 727 square miles (1,883 square kilometers). Known as the "Valley Isle," Maui features stunning landscapes, including the Haleakalā Crater, the lush Hana Highway, and the scenic Iao Valley. The island is also famous for its world-class beaches and luxury resorts.

Ecotourism and Activities

Maui is a popular destination for ecotourism, offering activities such as whale watching, snorkeling, and hiking. The island's diverse ecosystems provide habitats for various endemic species, making it a haven for nature enthusiasts.


Size and Topography

Kauai, the fourth-largest island, has an area of 562 square miles (1,456 square kilometers). Known as the "Garden Isle," Kauai is renowned for its lush landscapes, dramatic cliffs, and abundant waterfalls. The island's topography includes the stunning Na Pali Coast and the Waimea Canyon, often referred to as the "Grand Canyon of the Pacific."

Natural Wonders

Kauai's natural beauty makes it a popular destination for outdoor activities such as hiking, kayaking, and zip-lining. The island's relatively undeveloped landscape offers a more tranquil experience compared to the more commercialized islands.

Smaller Islands


Molokai, covering 260 square miles (673 square kilometers), is known for its unspoiled landscapes and rich Hawaiian culture. The island's population is small, and it remains largely undeveloped, offering a glimpse into a more traditional way of life.


Lanai, the smallest inhabited island, spans 140 square miles (364 square kilometers). Once known for its pineapple plantations, Lanai has transformed into a luxury destination with high-end resorts and world-class golf courses.


Niihau, often referred to as the "Forbidden Island," covers 69 square miles (179 square kilometers). The island is privately owned and home to a small Hawaiian-speaking community. Access is restricted, making it one of the least visited islands in the archipelago.


Kahoolawe, the smallest of the main islands, has an area of 45 square miles (117 square kilometers). The island was historically used for military training and is currently uninhabited. Restoration efforts are ongoing to revive its natural ecosystems.

Comparative Analysis

When comparing Hawaii's islands, it's evident that each one offers unique characteristics and experiences. The Big Island's sheer size and geological diversity contrast sharply with the more urbanized and densely populated Oahu. Similarly, the untouched landscapes of Molokai and Niihau provide a stark difference from the luxury resorts of Lanai and the natural beauty of Kauai.

Hawaii's Marine Area

In addition to its landmass, Hawaii's marine area is vast. The state's exclusive economic zone (EEZ) extends 200 nautical miles from its shores, covering approximately 1.5 million square miles (3.9 million square kilometers). This area is rich in marine biodiversity and plays a crucial role in the state's economy, particularly in fishing and tourism.

Volcanic Activity and Land Expansion

Hawaii's islands are continuously shaped by volcanic activity. The Big Island, in particular, is still growing due to eruptions from Kilauea and Mauna Loa. New land is created as lava flows into the ocean and solidifies, adding to the island's size over time. This dynamic geological activity makes Hawaii unique among the United States.

Human Impact and Conservation

Human activities have significantly impacted Hawaii's landscapes and ecosystems. Urban development, tourism, and agriculture have led to habitat loss and environmental degradation. However, numerous conservation efforts are underway to preserve Hawaii's natural beauty and biodiversity. Organizations and government agencies work tirelessly to protect endangered species, restore native habitats, and promote sustainable practices.

Cultural Significance

The size of Hawaii is not just a matter of physical dimensions but also cultural significance. The islands are steeped in rich traditions and history, from ancient Hawaiian practices to modern influences. The diverse cultural tapestry adds another layer of depth to understanding the true "size" of Hawaii.

The question of how big Hawaii is can be answered in various ways, depending on the perspective one takes. Whether considering its total land area, the unique features of each island, or the vast marine zones, Hawaii's size encompasses more than just physical dimensions. It includes the richness of its ecosystems, the vibrancy of its culture, and the ongoing changes shaped by natural and human forces. As you ponder these aspects, you'll find that Hawaii's true size is a multifaceted concept that goes beyond mere numbers.

Related Questions

What country is hawaii in?

Hawaii is an archipelago located in the central Pacific Ocean. Known for its stunning natural beauty, rich cultural heritage, and strategic geopolitical importance, Hawaii is a unique entity with a fascinating history and diverse cultural landscape. But what country does this tropical paradise belong to?

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Where is hawaii on the map?

Hawaii, a stunning archipelago known for its breathtaking landscapes, unique culture, and strategic location, is a prominent point of interest for travelers, geographers, and historians alike. Understanding Hawaii's geographical position provides insight into its climate, history, and significance in global contexts.

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Where is hawaii located?

Hawaii, an archipelago comprising 137 islands, is located in the central Pacific Ocean. It is situated about 2,400 miles southwest of California, USA, and approximately 3,850 miles southeast of Japan. The geographic coordinates of Hawaii are approximately 20.7967° N latitude and 156.3319° W longitude, placing it in the Northern Hemisphere and within the Pacific Ocean's vast expanse.

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Where to go in hawaii?

Hawaii, the tropical paradise of the Pacific, is a dream destination for many travelers. With its stunning beaches, lush landscapes, and rich cultural heritage, it's no wonder that Hawaii is a top choice for vacations. Whether you're seeking adventure, relaxation, or a mix of both, Hawaii has something to offer. Below, we explore some of the best places to visit on the major islands of Hawaii.

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