How many states does mexico have?

HotbotBy HotBotUpdated: July 4, 2024

Introduction to the States of Mexico

Mexico, officially known as the United Mexican States, is a federal republic located in the southern part of North America. It is composed of 32 federal entities, 31 of which are states, and one is a capital city, Mexico City, which is a federal district. Each state in Mexico has its own constitution, congress, and judiciary, reflecting the federal nature of the country’s governance structure.

The 31 States of Mexico

The 31 states of Mexico are diverse in culture, geography, and economy. Below is a detailed overview of each state:


Located in the heart of Mexico, Aguascalientes is known for its hot springs and the annual San Marcos Fair, one of the most important cultural events in the country.

Baja California

Baja California, situated in the northwestern part of Mexico, is famous for its wine production in the Valle de Guadalupe and the bustling border city of Tijuana.

Baja California Sur

This state is known for its stunning beaches, including those in the tourist destination of Los Cabos, and its rich marine life in the Gulf of California.


Located on the Yucatán Peninsula, Campeche is rich in Mayan history and features numerous archaeological sites, including Calakmul, a UNESCO World Heritage site.


Chiapas is renowned for its indigenous cultures, lush rainforests, and the ancient Mayan city of Palenque.


The largest state by area, Chihuahua is known for its vast desert landscapes and the Copper Canyon, a series of six canyons larger and deeper than the Grand Canyon in the United States.


Bordering Texas, Coahuila is an industrial powerhouse with significant mining operations and the impressive Sierra Madre Oriental mountain range.


One of the smallest states, Colima is known for its active volcanoes and the picturesque beach town of Manzanillo.


Durango has a rich mining history and dramatic landscapes, including the Sierra Madre Occidental.


Famous for its well-preserved colonial architecture, Guanajuato is a UNESCO World Heritage site and hosts the annual Festival Internacional Cervantino, one of Latin America's most important cultural festivals.


Home to the popular resort city of Acapulco, Guerrero also boasts a rich history and vibrant indigenous cultures.


Hidalgo is known for its beautiful mountainous terrain and the historic mining town of Real del Monte.


As the birthplace of mariachi music and tequila, Jalisco is a cultural icon of Mexico. Its capital, Guadalajara, is a major cultural and economic hub.

Mexico State

Surrounding Mexico City, Mexico State is the most populous state and a key economic region with a mix of urban and rural areas.


Michoacán is famous for its Day of the Dead celebrations in Pátzcuaro and the Monarch Butterfly Biosphere Reserve, a UNESCO World Heritage site.


Named after Mexican independence leader José María Morelos, this state is known for its warm climate and numerous historic sites.


Nayarit features beautiful Pacific coastlines and the Riviera Nayarit, a growing tourist destination known for its luxurious resorts.

Nuevo León

A major industrial and economic center, Nuevo León is home to Monterrey, one of Mexico's wealthiest and most developed cities.


Oaxaca is celebrated for its rich indigenous heritage, vibrant arts scene, and the ancient Zapotec city of Monte Albán.


Renowned for its colonial architecture and culinary traditions, Puebla is also home to the Great Pyramid of Cholula, the largest pyramid by volume in the world.


Querétaro is known for its well-preserved colonial center and thriving wine and cheese industries.

Quintana Roo

Quintana Roo is a major tourist destination, hosting the world-famous resorts of Cancun, Playa del Carmen, and the island of Cozumel.

San Luis Potosí

This state features diverse landscapes, from the high plateau to the lush Huasteca region, and is known for its mining history.


Sinaloa is a major agricultural and fishing region, as well as the birthplace of banda music.


Sharing a border with Arizona, USA, Sonora boasts vast desert landscapes and significant agricultural production.


Tabasco is rich in oil resources and features lush greenery and numerous rivers.


Located along the Gulf of Mexico, Tamaulipas is known for its ports and agricultural output.


The smallest state by area, Tlaxcala is rich in history and culture, with numerous archaeological sites.


Veracruz is a key port state with a rich cultural heritage and diverse ecosystems.


Yucatán is famous for its Mayan ruins, including Chichen Itza, and its vibrant cultural traditions.


Zacatecas has a storied mining history and is known for its beautiful colonial architecture.

Mexico City: The Federal District

Mexico City, the capital of Mexico, is a federal district and does not belong to any state. It is the political, cultural, and economic heart of the country. With a population of over 9 million people, it is one of the largest cities in the world and an influential global city.

The Role of States in Mexico's Federal System

In Mexico’s federal system, each state has a significant degree of autonomy. States have their own constitutions and governments, which are structured similarly to the federal government with executive, legislative, and judicial branches. This autonomy allows states to address local needs and priorities effectively.

Economic and Cultural Diversity

The states of Mexico are incredibly diverse, each contributing uniquely to the nation’s economy and cultural tapestry. From the industrialized north to the culturally rich south, the states offer a wide range of experiences and opportunities.

Geographical and Environmental Highlights

Mexico’s states encompass a variety of geographical features, including deserts, mountains, forests, and coastlines. This diversity results in a wide range of climates and ecosystems, from the arid Sonoran Desert in the north to the lush rainforests of Chiapas in the south.

Historical and Archaeological Significance

Many states in Mexico are home to significant historical and archaeological sites. The Mayan ruins in the Yucatán Peninsula, the colonial architecture of Guanajuato, and the ancient city of Teotihuacan in Mexico State are just a few examples of the country’s rich heritage.

Tourism and Cultural Festivals

Tourism is a vital industry in many Mexican states. Coastal states like Quintana Roo and Baja California Sur attract millions of visitors annually with their pristine beaches and luxury resorts. Cultural festivals, such as the Day of the Dead in Michoacán and the Guelaguetza in Oaxaca, draw tourists from around the world.

The question of how many states Mexico has leads to a deeper understanding of the country's federal structure and the diverse characteristics that each state brings to the nation. With 31 states and one federal district, Mexico presents a rich mosaic of cultures, histories, and environments that together form the essence of this vibrant nation.

Related Questions

What language does mexico speak?

Mexico's official language is Spanish, a legacy left by the Spanish colonization that began in the early 16th century. Spanish is the primary language spoken by an overwhelming majority of the population. According to the 2020 Census by the Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía (INEGI), approximately 98.3% of Mexicans speak Spanish. This makes the country the most populous Spanish-speaking nation in the world.

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How to call mexico?

Before making a call to Mexico, it is essential to understand the basics of international calling codes. These codes are necessary to route your call through the international telephone network.

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Where is mexico city?

Mexico City, the capital of Mexico, is situated in the Valley of Mexico, a large valley in the high plateaus at the center of Mexico. The city is located in the southern part of the country, within the geographical coordinates of approximately 19.43°N latitude and 99.13°W longitude. It is nestled between mountains and volcanoes, providing a unique and elevated environment.

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What language is spoken in mexico?

Mexico, a country with a rich tapestry of history and culture, boasts a diverse linguistic landscape. While Spanish is the dominant language, Mexico is home to a variety of indigenous languages and dialects, reflecting the country's complex cultural heritage.

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