How to make beef wellington?

HotbotBy HotBotUpdated: July 3, 2024

Beef Wellington is a classic British dish that combines tender beef, savory mushroom duxelles, and flaky puff pastry. This culinary masterpiece is perfect for special occasions and can impress even the most discerning of guests. Below, you'll find a comprehensive guide on how to make Beef Wellington, from selecting the right ingredients to achieving the perfect bake.


  • 1 center-cut beef tenderloin (2-3 pounds)
  • Salt and freshly ground black pepper
  • 2 tablespoons olive oil
  • 1 tablespoon Dijon mustard
  • 1 pound mushrooms (cremini or button), finely chopped
  • 2 tablespoons unsalted butter
  • 2 cloves garlic, minced
  • 1 shallot, minced
  • 2 tablespoons fresh thyme, chopped
  • 12 thin slices of prosciutto
  • 1 package puff pastry (thawed if frozen)
  • 1 egg, beaten
  • Flour for dusting


Step 1: Prepare the Beef

Begin by seasoning the beef tenderloin generously with salt and freshly ground black pepper. Heat the olive oil in a large skillet over medium-high heat. Sear the beef on all sides until it is browned, about 2-3 minutes per side. This process helps to lock in the juices and develop a rich flavor. Once seared, remove the beef from the skillet and allow it to cool slightly.

Step 2: Make the Mushroom Duxelles

In the same skillet, add the unsalted butter and melt over medium heat. Add the minced shallot and garlic, sautéing until fragrant and translucent, about 2 minutes. Add the finely chopped mushrooms and cook until they release their moisture and become golden brown, about 10-15 minutes. Stir in the fresh thyme and season with salt and pepper to taste. This mixture, known as mushroom duxelles, should be cooked until it is dry to avoid a soggy pastry. Set aside to cool.

Step 3: Assemble the Wellington

Lay out a large piece of plastic wrap on a flat surface. Arrange the slices of prosciutto in a single layer, overlapping slightly to form a rectangle large enough to wrap around the beef tenderloin. Spread the cooled mushroom duxelles evenly over the prosciutto layer. Place the seared beef tenderloin on top of the mushroom mixture. Using the plastic wrap, carefully roll the prosciutto and mushroom mixture around the beef, creating a tight log. Twist the ends of the plastic wrap to secure and refrigerate for at least 30 minutes.

Step 4: Encase in Puff Pastry

Preheat your oven to 400°F (200°C). On a lightly floured surface, roll out the puff pastry into a rectangle large enough to wrap around the beef tenderloin. Remove the plastic wrap from the beef and place it in the center of the puff pastry. Brush the edges of the pastry with the beaten egg to help seal. Fold the pastry over the beef, tucking in the ends and ensuring a tight seal. Trim any excess pastry if necessary. Brush the entire pastry with the beaten egg to achieve a golden, glossy finish.

Step 5: Bake the Wellington

Transfer the wrapped beef to a parchment-lined baking sheet, seam side down. Use a sharp knife to score the top of the pastry with a decorative pattern, being careful not to cut too deeply. Bake in the preheated oven for 25-30 minutes, or until the pastry is golden brown and the internal temperature of the beef reaches 125°F (51°C) for medium-rare. Allow the Beef Wellington to rest for 10-15 minutes before slicing to retain its juices.

Serving Suggestions

Beef Wellington pairs beautifully with a variety of side dishes. Consider serving it with roasted vegetables, creamy mashed potatoes, or a fresh green salad. A rich red wine sauce or a classic béarnaise sauce can further enhance the flavors of this elegant dish.

Tips and Tricks

  • Choose Quality Ingredients: The success of Beef Wellington starts with high-quality ingredients. Opt for a center-cut beef tenderloin and fresh mushrooms to ensure the best flavor and texture.
  • Keep the Pastry Cold: Puff pastry performs best when it is cold. Work quickly and handle the pastry as little as possible to maintain its flakiness.
  • Resting is Key: Allowing the Beef Wellington to rest after baking ensures that the juices redistribute, resulting in a moist and flavorful dish.
  • Advance Preparation: You can prepare the Beef Wellington up to the point of baking and refrigerate it for up to 24 hours. This makes it an excellent choice for entertaining, as most of the work can be done in advance.

Variations and Alternatives

While the traditional Beef Wellington is a timeless favorite, there are several variations you can try:

  • Individual Wellingtons: Create single-serving portions by cutting the beef tenderloin into smaller pieces and wrapping each piece individually.
  • Vegetarian Wellington: Substitute the beef with a hearty vegetable like portobello mushrooms or a root vegetable medley for a vegetarian-friendly version.
  • Different Proteins: Experiment with other proteins such as pork tenderloin, salmon, or even chicken breast for a unique twist on the classic dish.

Historical Background

The origins of Beef Wellington are somewhat debated. Some believe it was named after Arthur Wellesley, the 1st Duke of Wellington, who defeated Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo. Others suggest it may have been inspired by the French dish "filet de bœuf en croûte." Regardless of its origins, Beef Wellington has become a hallmark of British cuisine, celebrated for its luxurious ingredients and intricate preparation.

Making Beef Wellington is a rewarding culinary endeavor that combines skill, patience, and high-quality ingredients. Whether you're preparing it for a holiday feast or a special dinner, this dish is sure to impress. The combination of tender beef, savory mushroom duxelles, and flaky puff pastry creates a symphony of flavors and textures that is truly unforgettable.

With each step meticulously followed, from searing the beef to carefully wrapping it in prosciutto and puff pastry, you can achieve a restaurant-quality dish in your own kitchen. The beauty of Beef Wellington lies not only in its taste but in the sense of accomplishment that comes from mastering such a classic recipe.

So, gather your ingredients, set aside some time, and embark on the journey of making Beef Wellington. It's an experience that will enrich your cooking repertoire and leave a lasting impression on those who have the pleasure of dining with you.

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