What to do in sicily?

HotbotBy HotBotUpdated: July 10, 2024

Introduction to Sicily

Sicily, the largest island in the Mediterranean, is a captivating destination that offers a rich tapestry of history, culture, and natural beauty. With influences from Greek, Roman, Arab, and Norman civilizations, Sicily boasts a unique blend of architectural wonders, culinary delights, and picturesque landscapes. Whether you're an adventure seeker, a history buff, or a foodie, Sicily has something to offer.

Explore Ancient Ruins

Sicily's ancient ruins are a testament to its storied past. The island is home to some of the most well-preserved archaeological sites in the world.

Valley of the Temples

Located in Agrigento, the Valley of the Temples is a UNESCO World Heritage site that features a collection of impressive Greek temples. The Temple of Concordia, in particular, stands as one of the best-preserved Doric temples in the world.

Teatro Greco in Taormina

Perched on a hill overlooking the Ionian Sea, the ancient Greek Theatre of Taormina offers not only historical significance but also breathtaking views of Mount Etna. The theatre is still used today for concerts and performances, blending the ancient with the modern.

Syracuse and the Ear of Dionysius

Syracuse, another UNESCO World Heritage site, is home to the Neapolis Archaeological Park. The park features the Greek Theatre, Roman Amphitheatre, and the Ear of Dionysius, a limestone cave known for its unique acoustic properties.

Indulge in Sicilian Cuisine

Sicilian cuisine is a delightful fusion of flavors influenced by its diverse history. From street food to gourmet dining, Sicily offers a culinary experience like no other.

Street Food in Palermo

Palermo, the capital of Sicily, is a street food paradise. Must-try items include arancini (fried rice balls), panelle (chickpea fritters), and sfincione (Sicilian pizza). The vibrant markets, such as Ballarò and Vucciria, are perfect places to sample these local delicacies.

Pasta alla Norma

A quintessential Sicilian dish, Pasta alla Norma is made with pasta, tomatoes, eggplant, ricotta salata, and basil. The dish is named after Vincenzo Bellini's opera "Norma" and is a staple in Sicilian households.

Cannoli and Granita

No trip to Sicily is complete without indulging in its famous desserts. Cannoli, crispy pastry tubes filled with sweet ricotta, and granita, a semi-frozen dessert available in various flavors, are must-tries. The best granita can be found in Catania and Messina.

Discover Sicily's Natural Wonders

Sicily's diverse landscapes offer a myriad of outdoor activities, from hiking to beachcombing.

Mount Etna

Mount Etna, Europe's highest and most active volcano, is a must-visit for adventure enthusiasts. You can hike its various trails, take a guided tour, or even ride a cable car to explore its craters and lava fields. The fertile volcanic soil also supports vineyards and orchards, making Etna wines a unique tasting experience.

Scala dei Turchi

Located near Agrigento, Scala dei Turchi is a striking white limestone cliff that descends into the sea. The natural staircase-like formations and the contrast between the white rock and the turquoise waters make it a popular spot for photography and swimming.

Aeolian Islands

The Aeolian Islands, a UNESCO World Heritage site, are a volcanic archipelago offering pristine beaches, thermal springs, and hiking trails. Lipari, the largest island, is known for its vibrant nightlife, while Stromboli offers the chance to witness volcanic activity up close.

Immerse in Sicilian Culture

Sicily's rich cultural heritage is evident in its festivals, art, and architecture.

Palio dei Normanni

Held annually in August in Piazza Armerina, the Palio dei Normanni is a medieval festival that reenacts the Norman conquest of Sicily. The event includes parades, jousting tournaments, and historical reenactments, offering a glimpse into Sicily's storied past.

Puppet Theatre

Sicilian puppet theatre, or "Opera dei Pupi," is a traditional form of entertainment that dates back to the 19th century. The intricate marionettes and epic tales of chivalry and adventure captivate audiences of all ages. The cities of Palermo and Catania have dedicated puppet theatres where you can catch a performance.

Baroque Towns of the Val di Noto

The Val di Noto region in southeastern Sicily is renowned for its stunning Baroque architecture. Towns like Noto, Modica, and Ragusa are filled with opulent churches, palaces, and piazzas. A stroll through these towns feels like stepping back in time.

Relax on Sicily's Beaches

Sicily's coastline is dotted with beautiful beaches that cater to all types of travelers, from secluded coves to bustling seaside resorts.


Cefalù, a charming fishing village on the northern coast, boasts a sandy beach with crystal-clear waters. The town itself is worth exploring, with its medieval streets, Norman cathedral, and vibrant atmosphere.

San Vito Lo Capo

Located on the northwest coast, San Vito Lo Capo is famous for its long, sandy beach and turquoise waters. The town hosts the annual Cous Cous Fest, celebrating the dish's multicultural roots and offering a variety of couscous-based dishes to try.

Vendicari Nature Reserve

For a more secluded experience, head to the Vendicari Nature Reserve in southeastern Sicily. The reserve offers pristine beaches, bird-watching opportunities, and ancient ruins. Cala Mosche, one of the reserve's beaches, is considered one of the most beautiful in Sicily.

Visit Historic Towns and Cities

Sicily's towns and cities are steeped in history, each offering its unique charm and attractions.


Palermo, the island's capital, is a bustling city with a rich tapestry of history and culture. Must-see attractions include the Palermo Cathedral, the Norman Palace, and the Capuchin Catacombs. The city's vibrant markets and eclectic mix of architectural styles reflect its diverse heritage.


Catania, located at the foot of Mount Etna, is known for its Baroque architecture and lively atmosphere. The Piazza del Duomo, with its iconic elephant fountain and the Cathedral of Sant'Agata, is the city's focal point. Don't miss the bustling fish market, which offers a glimpse into local life.


Taormina, perched on a cliff overlooking the Ionian Sea, is one of Sicily's most picturesque towns. In addition to the ancient Greek Theatre, highlights include the medieval Corso Umberto, the stunning views from Piazza IX Aprile, and the nearby Isola Bella, a small island and nature reserve.

Wine Tasting in Sicily

Sicily's wine-making tradition dates back to ancient times, and the island is now home to numerous vineyards producing high-quality wines.

Etna Wine Region

The volcanic soils of Mount Etna create a unique terroir for wine production. The Etna DOC region is known for its Nerello Mascalese and Carricante grape varieties. Many vineyards offer tours and tastings, allowing you to sample these distinctive wines while enjoying views of the volcano.

Western Sicily

The provinces of Trapani and Marsala in western Sicily are renowned for their wine production. Marsala wine, a fortified wine with a rich history, is a must-try. The region also produces excellent Nero d'Avola and Grillo wines. Visit the historic Florio Winery in Marsala for a comprehensive wine-tasting experience.

Vineyards in the Southeast

The southeastern part of Sicily, particularly the area around Noto and Vittoria, is known for producing some of the island's finest wines. The Cerasuolo di Vittoria DOCG, a blend of Nero d'Avola and Frappato grapes, is a standout. Many wineries in this region offer tours and tastings, providing insight into the winemaking process.

Unique experiences

Salt Pans of Trapani

The salt pans of Trapani offer an otherworldly landscape that is both beautiful and historically significant. The ancient tradition of salt harvesting continues to this day, and visitors can tour the salt pans and even buy artisanal sea salt.

Villa Romana del Casale

Near Piazza Armerina, the Villa Romana del Casale is a Roman villa famed for its exquisite mosaics. The intricate designs depict scenes from daily life, mythology, and nature, offering a glimpse into the opulent lifestyle of ancient Roman nobility.

Monreale Cathedral

Just outside Palermo, the Monreale Cathedral is a stunning example of Norman architecture. The cathedral's interior is adorned with intricate mosaics that depict biblical scenes, making it one of the most impressive churches in Italy.

Sicily is a multifaceted gem that offers an array of experiences waiting to be discovered. From ancient ruins to modern culinary delights, from serene beaches to vibrant festivals, the island is a treasure trove of unforgettable moments. Each visitor's journey through Sicily will be uniquely their own, shaped by the island's endless possibilities.

Related Questions

Where is sicily?

Sicily is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea and a significant part of Italy. Geographically, it is located just off the "toe" of Italy's "boot," separated from the mainland by the narrow Strait of Messina. The island lies between the latitudes of approximately 36° and 39° N and longitudes of 12° and 15° E. Its strategic position in the Mediterranean has made it a crossroads of various civilizations throughout history.

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Where to stay in sicily?

Sicily, the largest island in the Mediterranean, is a gem that offers diverse landscapes, rich history, and vibrant culture. Choosing the right place to stay in Sicily can greatly enhance your experience, whether you're looking for relaxation, adventure, or a mix of both. Here’s a comprehensive guide to help you decide where to stay in Sicily.

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