When is easter sunday 2024?

HotbotBy HotBotUpdated: June 20, 2024

Easter Sunday is one of the most significant holidays in the Christian calendar, celebrating the resurrection of Jesus Christ. The date of Easter Sunday changes every year, and for 2024, Easter Sunday falls on March 31st. This date is determined based on a combination of astronomical and ecclesiastical factors. Below, we delve into the various aspects that contribute to determining the date of Easter, its historical background, and related festivities.

The Computation of Easter Sunday

The date of Easter Sunday is not fixed but is calculated based on the lunar calendar. It is typically observed on the first Sunday after the first full moon occurring on or after the vernal equinox. This method of calculation follows the guidelines established by the Council of Nicaea in 325 AD.

The Paschal Full Moon

The Paschal Full Moon is an ecclesiastical full moon used in the determination of the date for Easter. It may differ from the actual astronomical full moon. The Paschal Full Moon can be anywhere between March 21st (the ecclesiastical equinox) and April 18th. Easter Sunday is observed on the first Sunday following this Paschal Full Moon.

Gregorian vs. Julian Calendar

The date of Easter can also differ between Western Christianity (which follows the Gregorian calendar) and Eastern Orthodox Christianity (which follows the Julian calendar). In 2024, both Western and Eastern Christian churches will celebrate Easter on March 31st due to the alignment of the Paschal Full Moon in both calendars.

Historical Background of Easter

Easter has deep historical and religious roots. It commemorates the resurrection of Jesus Christ, an event described in the New Testament of the Bible. The resurrection is considered the cornerstone of Christian faith, symbolizing victory over sin and death.

Origins of the Name

The name "Easter" is believed to be derived from "Eostre," an Anglo-Saxon goddess of spring and fertility. However, in many other languages, the name for this holiday is derived from "Pascha," the Latinized form of the Hebrew word "Pesach," meaning Passover.

Early Christian Celebrations

Early Christians originally celebrated the resurrection of Jesus during Passover. Over time, the celebration evolved into a distinct Christian holiday, with the Council of Nicaea formalizing the method of determining its date in 325 AD. This helped unify the celebration of Easter across different Christian communities.

Easter Traditions and Customs

Easter is celebrated with various traditions and customs across the world. These customs often blend religious and secular elements, making Easter a rich and diverse festival.

Religious Observances

Religious observances include attending church services, participating in processions, and reenacting the Passion of Christ. Many churches hold special services, including midnight vigils and sunrise services, to mark the resurrection of Jesus.

Easter Eggs and Bunnies

Easter eggs and bunnies are popular symbols associated with the holiday. The egg is an ancient symbol of new life and has been associated with pagan festivals celebrating spring. The Easter bunny, originally a symbol of fertility, has become a beloved character that delivers Easter eggs to children.

Feasting and Family Gatherings

Easter is also a time for feasting and family gatherings. Traditional Easter foods vary by culture and region but often include lamb, ham, and sweet breads. In many countries, special cakes and pastries are prepared, such as the Italian Colomba di Pasqua or the Greek Tsoureki.

Global Variations of Easter Celebrations

While Easter is celebrated globally, the customs and traditions can vary significantly from one country to another, reflecting local cultures and histories.

United States

In the United States, Easter is celebrated with church services, egg hunts, and parades. The White House Easter Egg Roll is a notable event, where children roll Easter eggs across the White House lawn.

United Kingdom

In the United Kingdom, Easter traditions include attending church services, enjoying hot cross buns, and participating in egg rolling competitions. Maundy Thursday is also observed, where the monarch distributes Maundy money to senior citizens.


In Spain, Semana Santa (Holy Week) is marked by elaborate processions and religious ceremonies. Participants dress in traditional robes and carry statues of saints through the streets, reenacting scenes from the Passion of Christ.


Poland celebrates Easter with a blend of religious and folk traditions. One unique custom is Śmigus-Dyngus (Wet Monday), where people sprinkle water on each other as a symbol of cleansing and renewal.

Rarely Known Details About Easter

While many are familiar with the common traditions and historical aspects of Easter, there are several lesser-known details that add depth to the understanding of this holiday.

Quasimodo Sunday

The Sunday following Easter is known as Quasimodo Sunday or Low Sunday. The name "Quasimodo" is derived from the Latin words of the introit for the day, "Quasi modo geniti infantes," which means "like newborn infants."

Egg Tapping

In some cultures, a game called egg tapping or egg jarping is played. Participants tap their hard-boiled eggs against each other, and the person whose egg remains uncracked is the winner. This tradition is particularly popular in Eastern Europe.

Easter Witch

In Sweden and parts of Finland, children dress up as "Easter witches" and go door-to-door, exchanging drawings and paintings for candy. This tradition has roots in old folklore and is similar to Halloween.

Easter Fire

In parts of Germany and the Netherlands, Easter fires are lit on Holy Saturday. These large bonfires symbolize the triumph of light over darkness and the resurrection of Jesus. The tradition dates back to pagan spring festivals.

Easter Sunday 2024 will be celebrated on March 31st, a date determined by centuries-old ecclesiastical calculations. This day is steeped in religious significance, historical traditions, and cultural variations. From religious observances to secular customs like egg hunts and feasting, Easter continues to be a vibrant and meaningful holiday worldwide.

As you reflect on the diverse ways Easter is celebrated and the rich history behind it, consider how this holiday resonates with your own traditions and beliefs.

Related Questions

How is easter determined?

Easter, one of the most significant holidays in Christianity, celebrates the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead. Its origins can be traced back to early Christian traditions, which aligned the celebration with the Jewish Passover. The timing of Easter has been a subject of considerable debate and adjustment over centuries, influenced by historical, theological, and astronomical factors.

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Why does easter change every year?

Easter is a significant Christian festival celebrating the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, as described in the New Testament. The date of Easter, unlike many other holidays, is not fixed and changes every year. This variability is due to a combination of historical, astronomical, and ecclesiastical factors.

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When is easter?

Easter is one of the most significant and celebrated holidays in Christianity, commemorating the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead. Its date varies each year, and the determination of this date is based on a combination of solar and lunar calendars, along with ecclesiastical traditions. This article delves into the complexities and traditions surrounding the determination of Easter's date.

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What day is easter?

The question "What day is Easter?" may seem straightforward, but the answer is steeped in history, astronomy, and ecclesiastical tradition. Easter is not fixed to a specific date on the Gregorian or Julian calendar but is instead a movable feast.

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