Where is belize located?

HotbotBy HotBotUpdated: June 27, 2024

Geographical Placement

Belize is a small yet captivating country situated on the northeastern coast of Central America. It lies between 15°45' and 18°30' North latitude, and 87°30' and 89°15' West longitude. The country covers an area of approximately 22,966 square kilometers (8,867 square miles), making it slightly larger than El Salvador and slightly smaller than the U.S. state of Massachusetts.

Bordering Countries

Belize shares its borders with Mexico to the north and Guatemala to the west and south. The northern border with Mexico is defined primarily by the Río Hondo, while the western and southern borders with Guatemala are marked by a combination of natural and man-made demarcations. The eastern border of Belize is flanked by the Caribbean Sea, giving the country a stunning coastline that stretches for about 386 kilometers (240 miles).

Major Geographical Features

Coastal Areas

The eastern coast of Belize is known for its pristine beaches and vibrant coral reefs, including the famous Belize Barrier Reef, the second-largest reef system in the world. The reef is home to a diverse array of marine life, making it a popular destination for snorkelers and divers.

Inland Terrain

Inland Belize is characterized by a mix of lowland forests, savannas, and mountainous regions. The Maya Mountains, which run through the southern part of the country, are home to several peaks, including Victoria Peak, the second-highest point in Belize at 1,120 meters (3,675 feet).

Rivers and Waterways

Belize is crisscrossed by numerous rivers and streams, the most significant of which is the Belize River. The river flows from the Maya Mountains in the west to the Caribbean Sea in the east, playing a crucial role in the country's transportation and irrigation systems.

Climate and Seasons

Belize experiences a tropical climate with distinct wet and dry seasons. The wet season generally runs from June to November, bringing heavy rainfall and the occasional hurricane. The dry season, from December to May, is characterized by warm temperatures and lower humidity, making it the ideal time for tourism.


Temperatures in Belize are relatively consistent throughout the year, with coastal areas averaging between 24°C (75°F) and 29°C (84°F). Inland regions can experience slightly more variation, with daytime temperatures occasionally reaching up to 35°C (95°F) during the hottest months.

Historical and Cultural Context

Indigenous Roots

Belize has a rich history that dates back thousands of years. It was once part of the Maya civilization, which left behind a legacy of impressive ruins and artifacts. Sites like Caracol, Xunantunich, and Lamanai offer glimpses into the ancient Maya way of life.

Colonial Influence

In the 16th century, Spanish explorers arrived in the region, but it was the British who eventually established a colony known as British Honduras in the 19th century. This colonial history has left a lasting impact on the country's language, legal system, and cultural practices.

Modern Belize

Belize gained independence from Britain on September 21, 1981. Today, it is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, with a diverse population that includes Mestizos, Creoles, Garifuna, Maya, and other ethnic groups. English is the official language, but Spanish, Kriol, and various Maya languages are also widely spoken.

Economic Landscape

Agriculture and Fisheries

Agriculture plays a crucial role in Belize's economy, with major exports including sugar, bananas, citrus fruits, and marine products like shrimp and lobster. The fertile soil and favorable climate make it an ideal location for farming.


Tourism is another vital sector, driven by the country's natural beauty and rich cultural heritage. Attractions such as the Belize Barrier Reef, ancient Maya ruins, and lush rainforests draw visitors from around the globe.

Emerging Industries

In recent years, Belize has been exploring new economic avenues, including eco-tourism, renewable energy, and offshore banking. These emerging industries offer promising opportunities for future growth and development.

Flora and Fauna

Marine Life

The waters surrounding Belize are teeming with marine biodiversity. The Belize Barrier Reef is home to over 500 species of fish, 65 species of corals, and an array of other marine organisms. Notable residents include the West Indian manatee, various species of sea turtles, and the rare whale shark.

Terrestrial Wildlife

On land, Belize boasts an impressive array of wildlife. The country is home to over 500 species of birds, making it a birdwatcher's paradise. Additionally, the jungles and forests shelter mammals such as jaguars, tapirs, and howler monkeys.

Plant Life

Belize's diverse ecosystems support a wide variety of plant species, from coastal mangroves to inland rainforests. The country is known for its medicinal plants, many of which have been used by indigenous communities for centuries.

Protected Areas and Conservation

National Parks and Reserves

Belize is committed to preserving its natural heritage, with approximately 28% of its land and marine areas designated as protected. Notable protected areas include the Cockscomb Basin Wildlife Sanctuary, the world's first jaguar reserve, and the Hol Chan Marine Reserve, a key site for marine conservation.

Conservation Efforts

Various organizations, both local and international, are actively involved in conservation efforts in Belize. These initiatives focus on protecting endangered species, preserving habitats, and promoting sustainable development practices.

Transportation and Accessibility

Air Travel

Belize is accessible by air through Philip S. W. Goldson International Airport, located near Belize City. Several major airlines offer direct flights to Belize from North America and other regions.

Road and Water Transport

Within the country, a network of highways and secondary roads connects major towns and cities. Water taxis and ferries provide transportation to the numerous islands and coastal destinations.

Unique and Rarely Known Facts

Blue Hole

One of Belize's most iconic natural features is the Great Blue Hole, a giant marine sinkhole located near the center of Lighthouse Reef. It is over 300 meters (984 feet) across and 125 meters (410 feet) deep, making it a bucket-list destination for divers.

Language Diversity

While English is the official language, Belize is a melting pot of linguistic diversity. Kriol, a creole language derived from English, is widely spoken, as are Spanish, Garifuna, and several Maya languages.

Chocolate Heritage

Belize has a long history of cacao cultivation, dating back to the ancient Mayas. Today, the country is known for its high-quality, organic chocolate, with several local producers gaining international recognition.

Belize, with its rich tapestry of natural beauty, cultural heritage, and unique geographical features, offers a captivating glimpse into the heart of Central America. Its strategic location, bordered by Mexico, Guatemala, and the Caribbean Sea, positions it as a unique crossroads of history, biodiversity, and modern development. The intricate interplay of its landscapes, climates, and cultures invites exploration and discovery.

Related Questions

Where to stay in belize?

Belize, a small Central American country nestled between Mexico and Guatemala, offers an array of stunning landscapes, from turquoise Caribbean waters and white sandy beaches to lush rainforests and ancient Mayan ruins. When considering where to stay in Belize, it's important to recognize the diverse regions and their unique offerings. Whether you're a nature lover, history buff, or beach enthusiast, Belize has something for everyone.

Ask Hotbot: Where to stay in belize?

What language do they speak in belize?

Belize is unique among its Central American neighbors as the only country where English is the official language. This is a legacy of its colonial past when it was known as British Honduras. English is the language of government, education, and the media. Most official documents, legal proceedings, and educational curricula are conducted in English, making it a crucial language for anyone living in or visiting Belize.

Ask Hotbot: What language do they speak in belize?

What language is spoken in belize?

Belize is a small but culturally rich country located on the eastern coast of Central America. Its linguistic landscape is a fascinating tapestry woven from its diverse history and population. To understand the languages spoken in Belize, one must delve into its historical, social, and cultural contexts. Let's explore the primary, secondary, and minority languages that make up the linguistic mosaic of Belize.

Ask Hotbot: What language is spoken in belize?

What to do in belize?

The Great Blue Hole is one of Belize's most iconic natural formations and a diver's paradise. Located near the center of Lighthouse Reef, this massive underwater sinkhole offers a unique diving experience with its crystal-clear waters, vibrant coral formations, and diverse marine life. Divers can explore the depths and encounter species like nurse sharks, giant groupers, and various types of reef sharks.

Ask Hotbot: What to do in belize?