Where is luxembourg located?

HotbotBy HotBotUpdated: July 4, 2024

Geographic Overview

Luxembourg is a small, landlocked country situated in Western Europe, bordered by Belgium to the west and north, Germany to the east, and France to the south. It is one of the smallest nations in Europe, with a total area of just 2,586 square kilometers (998 square miles). Despite its modest size, Luxembourg boasts a rich history, vibrant culture, and significant economic influence.

Coordinates and Topography

Luxembourg is positioned at approximately 49.6117° N latitude and 6.1319° E longitude. The country's topography is characterized by a mix of rolling hills, dense forests, and river valleys. The northern part of Luxembourg, known as the Oesling, is part of the Ardennes region and features rugged terrain and higher elevations, while the southern region, known as the Gutland, is flatter and more agriculturally productive.

Neighboring Countries


To the west and north, Luxembourg shares a 148-kilometer (92-mile) border with Belgium. The Belgian regions of Wallonia and the province of Luxembourg lie adjacent to the country. This proximity has historically fostered strong cultural and economic ties between Luxembourg and Belgium.


The eastern border of Luxembourg is marked by the Moselle River, dividing it from Germany. This border stretches for approximately 135 kilometers (84 miles). The neighboring German regions include the states of Rhineland-Palatinate and Saarland. The Moselle River valley is a notable wine-producing area, contributing to the shared viticultural heritage between Luxembourg and Germany.


To the south, Luxembourg shares a 73-kilometer (45-mile) border with France. The French region of Grand Est lies directly south of Luxembourg. The border with France has historically been significant due to the shared industrial history, particularly in the steel industry, which has been a cornerstone of the economic relationship between the two countries.

Capital City - Luxembourg City

The capital of Luxembourg is Luxembourg City, a strategically located urban center known for its historical significance and contemporary dynamism. Luxembourg City is perched on a plateau surrounded by deep gorges cut by the Alzette and Pétrusse rivers. The city's fortifications, which date back to the Roman era, have earned it a place on the UNESCO World Heritage list.

Administrative Divisions

Luxembourg is divided into 12 cantons, which are further subdivided into 102 communes. The three districts of Diekirch, Grevenmacher, and Luxembourg were the primary administrative divisions until their dissolution in 2015. Each canton and commune has its own local government, providing a framework for regional administration and governance.

Climate and Natural Environment

Luxembourg experiences a temperate climate with mild winters and cool summers. The country's weather patterns are influenced by the Atlantic Ocean, leading to relatively high levels of precipitation throughout the year. The natural environment in Luxembourg is diverse, featuring extensive forests, rivers, and rolling hills. The Ardennes region in the north is particularly renowned for its scenic landscapes and outdoor recreational opportunities.

Historical Context

Luxembourg's location at the crossroads of Western Europe has shaped its history and development. The country has been a significant strategic and military site throughout history, leading to its fortification and the construction of numerous castles and fortresses. Luxembourg's strategic importance has also made it a focal point in European politics and diplomacy.

Economic Significance

Despite its small size, Luxembourg is a global financial hub and one of the world's wealthiest countries per capita. The country's favorable tax policies and financial regulations have made it an attractive location for banks, investment funds, and multinational corporations. Luxembourg's economy is also bolstered by its robust industrial sector, particularly in steel production, as well as its growing technology and innovation sectors.

Cultural Landscape

Luxembourg is a multicultural and multilingual country, with Luxembourgish, French, and German as its official languages. The country's cultural heritage reflects its diverse influences, with a rich tapestry of traditions, festivals, and culinary delights. Luxembourg's cultural institutions, including its museums, theaters, and music venues, contribute to its vibrant cultural scene.

Transportation and Accessibility

Luxembourg is well-connected by a comprehensive transportation network that includes road, rail, and air travel. The country's central location in Europe makes it a key transit point for goods and passengers. Luxembourg's modern infrastructure ensures easy accessibility to neighboring countries and major European cities.

Unique Position in Europe

Luxembourg's unique position in Europe, both geographically and politically, affords it a distinct role in regional and international affairs. The country is a founding member of key international organizations, including the European Union, the United Nations, and NATO. Luxembourg's commitment to international cooperation and diplomacy underscores its significance on the global stage.

Interesting Facts and Lesser-Known Details

- Luxembourg has the highest GDP per capita in the world, reflecting its economic prosperity.

- The country is one of the smallest sovereign states in Europe, but it has a significant influence in the European Union.

- Luxembourg is known for its high quality of life, with excellent healthcare, education, and social services.

- The country has a high proportion of expatriates, with nearly half of its population being foreign nationals.

- Luxembourg has a rich tradition of wine production, particularly white wines from the Moselle Valley.

- The Grand Ducal Palace in Luxembourg City is the official residence of the Grand Duke of Luxembourg and a symbol of the country's monarchy.

As you delve deeper into the multifaceted nature of Luxembourg, its geographic, cultural, and economic intricacies paint a vivid picture of a nation that, despite its size, holds a prominent place on the world stage.

Related Questions

What to do in luxembourg?

Luxembourg City, the capital of the Grand Duchy, is a blend of ancient charm and modern sophistication. Begin your journey with a stroll through the Old Town, a UNESCO World Heritage site. Wander through cobblestone streets lined with historic buildings and picturesque squares.

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Why is luxembourg so rich?

Luxembourg, a small landlocked country in Western Europe, is renowned for its affluence. Despite its modest size of roughly 2,586 square kilometers, it boasts one of the highest GDP per capita figures globally. The origins of Luxembourg's wealth are multifaceted, stemming from historical, economic, political, and social factors. This article delves into the various reasons behind Luxembourg's prosperity, highlighting key elements and offering unique insights.

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Where is luxembourg?

Luxembourg is a small, landlocked country situated in Western Europe. It is uniquely positioned at the crossroads of various European cultures and borders three countries: Belgium to the west and north, Germany to the east, and France to the south. The country's strategic location has historically made it a significant player in European politics and economics.

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What language is spoken in luxembourg?

Luxembourg, a small yet significant country nestled in the heart of Europe, boasts a unique linguistic landscape. The nation officially recognizes three languages: Luxembourgish, French, and German. These languages serve various roles within governmental, educational, and societal contexts, reflecting Luxembourg's rich cultural heritage and historical influences.

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