Where is zimbabwe?

HotbotBy HotBotUpdated: July 3, 2024

Geographical Location

Zimbabwe is a landlocked country located in the southern part of Africa. It is bordered by four countries: Zambia to the northwest, Mozambique to the east, South Africa to the south, and Botswana to the west. The country lies between latitude 15° and 23° S and longitude 25° and 34° E.

Topography and Physical Features

Zimbabwe's terrain is primarily composed of high plateaus and mountain ranges. The most prominent physical feature is the Highveld, a plateau that runs from the southwest to the northeast of the country, sitting at an elevation of about 1,200 to 1,500 meters.

Mount Nyangani

In the eastern part of Zimbabwe, the Eastern Highlands rise up, featuring Mount Nyangani, the highest peak in the country, which stands at 2,592 meters.

Rivers and Lakes

The Zambezi River forms part of Zimbabwe's northern border with Zambia and is the site of the famous Victoria Falls, one of the Seven Natural Wonders of the World. Lake Kariba, situated along the Zambezi River, is one of the world's largest artificial lakes.


Zimbabwe experiences a subtropical climate, moderated by altitude. The country has a distinct wet season (November to March) and dry season (April to October). The low-lying regions in the south and west can get quite hot, while the highland areas, particularly in the Eastern Highlands, enjoy cooler temperatures.

Administrative Divisions

Zimbabwe is divided into ten provinces:

  • Bulawayo
  • Harare
  • Manicaland
  • Mashonaland Central
  • Mashonaland East
  • Mashonaland West
  • Masvingo
  • Matabeleland North
  • Matabeleland South
  • Midlands

Key Cities

The capital city, Harare, is located in the northeastern part of the country and is the largest city in Zimbabwe. Bulawayo, the second-largest city, lies in the southwest. Other significant urban centers include Gweru, Mutare, and Masvingo.

Historical Background

The name "Zimbabwe" is derived from the Shona phrase "Dzimba dza mabwe," meaning "houses of stone," referring to the ancient stone structures found in the Great Zimbabwe ruins, a UNESCO World Heritage site. These ruins are a testament to the advanced civilization that existed in the region during the 11th to 15th centuries.

Political and Economic Landscape

Zimbabwe gained independence from British colonial rule in 1980. Since then, the country has experienced various political and economic challenges. It was initially led by Robert Mugabe, whose tenure extended until 2017. The current president, Emmerson Mnangagwa, took office following Mugabe's resignation.


Zimbabwe's economy has traditionally been reliant on agriculture, mining, and tourism. Major exports include tobacco, gold, and platinum. However, the country has faced significant economic issues such as hyperinflation and unemployment.

Cultural Highlights

Zimbabwe is a culturally rich nation with a diverse population primarily composed of Shona and Ndebele ethnic groups. The traditional music, dance, and art of Zimbabwe reflect its rich cultural heritage.

Mbira Music

One of the most iconic cultural symbols is the mbira, a traditional instrument also known as a "thumb piano." Mbira music plays a significant role in Zimbabwean spirituality and social functions.

Natural Wonders and Wildlife

Zimbabwe is home to several national parks and wildlife reserves. Hwange National Park, the largest in the country, is famous for its elephant herds and diverse wildlife.

Victoria Falls

As mentioned earlier, Victoria Falls is one of the most spectacular natural wonders in Zimbabwe, attracting tourists from around the globe. The falls are known locally as "Mosi-oa-Tunya," meaning "The Smoke That Thunders."

Travel and Tourism

Tourism is a vital part of Zimbabwe's economy, with numerous attractions ranging from historical sites like Great Zimbabwe to natural wonders like Victoria Falls. Adventure tourism activities such as white-water rafting, bungee jumping, and game drives are popular among visitors.

Access and Transportation

Zimbabwe is accessible via its main international airports in Harare and Bulawayo. The country also has a network of roads and railways connecting major cities and tourist destinations.

Current Affairs

Zimbabwe continues to navigate its way through political and economic reforms. Efforts are being made to stabilize the economy and attract foreign investment. The country is also focusing on improving healthcare, education, and infrastructure.

Rarely Known Facts

Chinhoyi Caves

Located in the Mashonaland West province, the Chinhoyi Caves are a limestone and dolomite cave system that includes a stunning blue pool known as the "Sleeping Pool" or "Chinhoyi Pool." The caves have historical significance and are a fascinating site for divers and geologists.

Stone Carvings

Zimbabwe is renowned for its stone carvings, particularly those made from soapstone. These carvings often depict animals and spiritual figures and are deeply rooted in the country's artistic traditions.

Through its geographical location, rich cultural heritage, natural wonders, and complex political and economic landscape, Zimbabwe stands as a unique and intriguing country in the heart of Southern Africa. The country's history, natural beauty, and resilient spirit offer a multifaceted perspective that invites further exploration and understanding.

Related Questions

Where is zimbabwe located?

Zimbabwe is a landlocked country situated in the southern part of Africa. It lies between the Zambezi and Limpopo rivers. The country is bordered by four nations: Zambia to the northwest, Mozambique to the east and northeast, South Africa to the south, and Botswana to the west and southwest. This strategic location places Zimbabwe at a crossroads of southern African trade and cultural exchange.

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