Why is valentine's day celebrated?

HotbotBy HotBotUpdated: June 25, 2024

Origins of Valentine's Day

Valentine's Day, celebrated on February 14th, has its origins steeped in ancient history and lore. The day is named after Saint Valentine, a Christian martyr who lived during the Roman Empire. Multiple legends surround Saint Valentine, contributing to the mystique and romanticism of the holiday.

Saint Valentine: The Man Behind the Legend

There were reportedly multiple Saint Valentines, but the most popular legend involves a priest named Valentine who served during the third century in Rome. Emperor Claudius II banned marriages for young men, believing that single men made better soldiers. Valentine defied this decree and continued to perform marriages in secret, leading to his arrest and subsequent execution around February 14th. His martyrdom symbolizes love and commitment, forming the foundation for the holiday.

Pagan Roots and Christian Adaptation

Valentine's Day also coincides with the ancient Roman festival of Lupercalia, which was celebrated from February 13th to 15th. Lupercalia was a fertility festival dedicated to Faunus, the Roman god of agriculture, as well as the founders of Rome, Romulus and Remus. During the festival, men would sacrifice goats and dogs, then use the hides to whip women, believing it would make them more fertile. With the rise of Christianity, the church sought to Christianize these pagan celebrations, leading to the establishment of Valentine's Day as a feast day by Pope Gelasius I in the 5th century.

The Evolution of Valentine's Day

Valentine's Day underwent significant evolution over the centuries. During the Middle Ages, it became associated with courtly love, a medieval European literary conception of love that emphasized nobility and chivalry. By the 14th and 15th centuries, Valentine’s Day had grown into an occasion where lovers expressed their feelings through poetry and handwritten notes.

In the 18th century, the day began to resemble the modern holiday, as people started exchanging paper cards known as "valentines." These cards often featured elaborate designs, including lace, ribbons, and romantic verses. The mass production of Valentine's cards began in the 19th century, further popularizing the practice.

Commercialization in the Modern Era

Valentine's Day has grown into a highly commercial holiday in the modern era. It is now characterized by the exchange of various tokens of affection, including greeting cards, chocolates, flowers, and jewelry. According to the National Retail Federation, Americans collectively spend billions of dollars on Valentine's Day each year, making it one of the most lucrative holidays for retailers.

The commercialization of Valentine's Day has led to criticism from some quarters, who argue that the holiday has become overly materialistic. However, for many, it remains a cherished occasion to express love and appreciation for partners, friends, and family members.

Valentine's Day Around the World

While Valentine's Day is predominantly celebrated in Western cultures, it has also been embraced by various countries around the world, each incorporating their unique customs and traditions.


In Japan, Valentine's Day is celebrated in two phases. On February 14th, women give chocolates to men, ranging from "giri-choco" (obligatory chocolate) to "honmei-choco" (chocolate for loved ones). A month later, on March 14th, known as White Day, men reciprocate by giving gifts, often more extravagant, to the women who gave them chocolates.

South Korea

South Korea has adopted a similar approach to Japan, with Valentine's Day and White Day. Additionally, they celebrate Black Day on April 14th, where single people gather to eat black noodles and commiserate about their lack of romantic partners.

Finland and Estonia

In Finland and Estonia, Valentine's Day is known as "Friend's Day," focusing on celebrating friendships rather than romantic relationships. People exchange cards and small gifts with friends, highlighting the importance of platonic relationships.


Brazil celebrates "Dia dos Namorados" (Lovers' Day) on June 12th instead of February 14th. The date was chosen to honor Saint Anthony, the patron saint of marriage and matchmaking. The festivities include music, dancing, and exchanging of gifts.

Symbols and Traditions

Valentine's Day is rich with symbols and traditions that have evolved over time. Understanding these symbols can provide deeper insight into the holiday's significance.


The heart is the most iconic symbol of Valentine's Day, representing love and affection. The stylized heart shape, often depicted in red or pink, is ubiquitous in Valentine's Day decorations and paraphernalia.


Cupid, the Roman god of love, is another enduring symbol of Valentine's Day. Depicted as a cherubic figure with a bow and arrow, Cupid is believed to inspire romantic love by shooting his arrows at unsuspecting hearts.


Roses, particularly red ones, are a classic Valentine's Day gift. The red rose is traditionally associated with love and passion, making it a popular choice for expressing romantic feelings.


The tradition of giving chocolates on Valentine's Day dates back to the 19th century when Richard Cadbury, a British chocolate manufacturer, began marketing his chocolates in heart-shaped boxes. Today, chocolates remain a beloved gift, symbolizing sweetness and indulgence.

Contemporary Critiques and Celebrations

Valentine's Day is not without its detractors. Critics argue that the holiday perpetuates unrealistic expectations and societal pressures, leading to stress and disappointment. Some also point out the environmental impact of mass-produced cards and flowers, encouraging more sustainable practices.

Despite these criticisms, many people find joy and fulfillment in celebrating Valentine's Day. It serves as a reminder to cherish and nurture relationships, whether romantic, platonic, or familial. The holiday's enduring appeal lies in its ability to adapt and resonate with diverse cultures and individual preferences.

Valentine's Day continues to captivate hearts around the globe. Its rich history, evolving traditions, and universal themes of love and connection ensure that it remains a beloved celebration. As you explore the origins and customs of Valentine's Day, consider how the holiday resonates with your own experiences and relationships, and what it means to you personally.

Related Questions

Who invented valentine's day?

Valentine's Day, celebrated annually on February 14th, is a day dedicated to love and affection. Its origins are a tapestry woven from ancient traditions, religious customs, and historical events. Unlike many holidays with clear and well-documented beginnings, the story of Valentine's Day is shrouded in mystery and legend.

Ask Hotbot: Who invented valentine's day?

What day is valentine's day 2024?

Valentine's Day, celebrated globally as the day of love and affection, is a date that holds significant importance for many. In 2024, Valentine's Day will fall on a Wednesday, February 14th. This day, like every year, will be a time for couples, friends, and family members to express their love and appreciation for one another. Let's dive deeper into the significance, history, and various ways people celebrate this special day.

Ask Hotbot: What day is valentine's day 2024?

Why do we celebrate valentine's day?

Valentine's Day, celebrated on February 14th, has roots deep in history, shrouded in both legend and documented events. The day is named after St. Valentine, a Christian martyr who lived in the 3rd century. According to one of the most popular legends, during the reign of Roman Emperor Claudius II, marriage was banned for young men, as single men were believed to make better soldiers. St. Valentine defied this decree and continued to perform marriages in secret. When his actions were discovered, he was imprisoned and eventually executed.

Ask Hotbot: Why do we celebrate valentine's day?

What is valentine's day?

Valentine's Day, celebrated on February 14th, has its roots in both Christian and ancient Roman traditions. The day is named after Saint Valentine, a Catholic priest who lived during the 3rd century in Rome. According to legend, Saint Valentine performed secret marriages for young lovers in defiance of Emperor Claudius II's decree that soldiers remain single. Another story suggests that Valentine was executed for helping Christians escape Roman imprisonment and, before his death, sent a note signed "From your Valentine" to a young girl he had healed.

Ask Hotbot: What is valentine's day?